Diet-dependent net endogenous acid load of vegan diets in relation to food groups and bone health-related nutrients: Results from the German Vegan Study

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dc.identifier.uri Ströhle, Alexander Waldmann, Annika Koschizke, Jochen Leitzmann, Claus Hahn, Andreas 2018-02-09T09:27:48Z 2018-02-09T09:27:48Z 2011
dc.identifier.citation Ströhle, A.; Waldmann, A.; Koschizke, J.; Leitzmann, C.; Hahn, A.: Diet-dependent net endogenous acid load of vegan diets in relation to food groups and bone health-related nutrients: Results from the German Vegan Study. In: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 59 (2011), Nr. April, S. 117-126. DOI:
dc.description.abstract Background/Aims:Dietary composition has been shown to affect acid-base homeostasis and bone health in humans. We investigated the potential renal acid load (PRAL) and the estimated diet-dependent net acid load (net endogenous acid production, NEAP) in adult vegans and evaluated the relationships between NEAP, food groups and intake of bone health-related nutrients. Methods: The German Vegan Study (GVS) is a cross-sectional study. Data from healthy men (n = 67) and women (n = 87), aged 21–75 years, who fulfilled the study criteria (vegan diet for ≧1 year prior to study start; age ≧18 years, and no pregnancy/childbirth during the last 12 months) were included in the analysis. NEAP values were calculated from diet composition using two models: one based on the protein/potassium quotient and another taking into account an anthropometry-based loss of urinary organic anions. Results:Mean daily intakes of phosphorus, potassium, sodium, magnesium and vitamin C were above, and vitamin D and calcium below Dietary Reference Intake (DRI). Regardless of the model used, the diet in the GVS was characterized by a nearly neutral NEAP. A strong correlation was observed between the NEAP values of the two models (rs = 0.873, p < 0.001). Only the consumption of fruits decreased constantly across the increasing quartiles of NEAP. Conclusions: It can be hypothesized that vegan diets do not affect acid-base homeostasis. With respect to bone health, the significance of this finding needs further investigation. eng
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Basel : S. Karger AG
dc.relation.ispartofseries Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 59 (2011)
dc.rights Es gilt deutsches Urheberrecht. Das Dokument darf zum eigenen Gebrauch kostenfrei genutzt, aber nicht im Internet bereitgestellt oder an Außenstehende weitergegeben werden. Dieser Beitrag ist aufgrund einer (DFG-geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.
dc.subject Acid load eng
dc.subject Bone health eng
dc.subject Estimated diet-dependent net acid load eng
dc.subject Renal acid load eng
dc.subject Vegan diets eng
dc.subject acid eng
dc.subject ascorbic acid eng
dc.subject calcium eng
dc.subject magnesium eng
dc.subject phosphorus eng
dc.subject potassium eng
dc.subject sodium eng
dc.subject vitamin D eng
dc.subject adult eng
dc.subject age distribution eng
dc.subject aged eng
dc.subject anthropometry eng
dc.subject article eng
dc.subject bone eng
dc.subject diet eng
dc.subject dietary reference intake eng
dc.subject female eng
dc.subject food intake eng
dc.subject Germany eng
dc.subject human eng
dc.subject human experiment eng
dc.subject male eng
dc.subject net endogenous acid production eng
dc.subject normal human eng
dc.subject priority journal eng
dc.subject vegan diet eng
dc.subject Adult eng
dc.subject Aged eng
dc.subject Ascorbic Acid eng
dc.subject Bone and Bones eng
dc.subject Bone Density eng
dc.subject Calcium, Dietary eng
dc.subject Cross-Sectional Studies eng
dc.subject Diet, Vegetarian eng
dc.subject Dietary Proteins eng
dc.subject Energy Intake eng
dc.subject Female eng
dc.subject Food eng
dc.subject Germany eng
dc.subject Humans eng
dc.subject Male eng
dc.subject Middle Aged eng
dc.subject Phosphorus, Dietary eng
dc.subject Potassium, Dietary eng
dc.subject Questionnaires eng
dc.subject Sodium, Dietary eng
dc.subject Vitamin D eng
dc.subject Young Adult eng
dc.subject.ddc 610 | Medizin, Gesundheit ger
dc.title Diet-dependent net endogenous acid load of vegan diets in relation to food groups and bone health-related nutrients: Results from the German Vegan Study
dc.type article
dc.type Text
dc.relation.issn 0250-6807
dc.bibliographicCitation.issue April
dc.bibliographicCitation.volume 59
dc.bibliographicCitation.firstPage 117
dc.bibliographicCitation.lastPage 126
dc.description.version publishedVersion
tib.accessRights frei zug�nglich

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