Moral Judgements on the Actions of Self-Driving Cars and Human Drivers in Dilemma Situations From Different Perspectives

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dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.15488/9293
dc.identifier.uri https://www.repo.uni-hannover.de/handle/123456789/9346
dc.contributor.author Kallioinen, Noa
dc.contributor.author Pershina, Maria
dc.contributor.author Zeiser, Jannik
dc.contributor.author Nosrat Nezami, Farbod
dc.contributor.author Pipa, Gordon
dc.contributor.author Stephan, Achim
dc.contributor.author König, Peter
dc.date.accessioned 2020-01-31T09:28:10Z
dc.date.available 2020-01-31T09:28:10Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Kallioinen, N.; Pershina, M.; Zeiser, J.; Nosrat, Nezami, F. et al.: Moral Judgements on the Actions of Self-Driving Cars and Human Drivers in Dilemma Situations From Different Perspectives. In: Frontiers in Psychology 10 (2019), 2415. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02415
dc.description.abstract Self-driving cars have the potential to greatly improve public safety. However, their introduction onto public roads must overcome both ethical and technical challenges. To further understand the ethical issues of introducing self-driving cars, we conducted two moral judgement studies investigating potential differences in the moral norms applied to human drivers and self-driving cars. In the experiments, participants made judgements on a series of dilemma situations involving human drivers or self-driving cars. We manipulated which perspective situations were presented from in order to ascertain the effect of perspective on moral judgements. Two main findings were apparent from the results of the experiments. First, human drivers and self-driving cars were largely judged similarly. However, there was a stronger tendency to prefer self-driving cars to act in ways to minimize harm, compared to human drivers. Second, there was an indication that perspective influences judgements in some situations. Specifically, when considering situations from the perspective of a pedestrian, people preferred actions that would endanger car occupants instead of themselves. However, they did not show such a self-preservation tendency when the alternative was to endanger other pedestrians to save themselves. This effect was more prevalent for judgements on human drivers than self-driving cars. Overall, the results extend and agree with previous research, again contradicting existing ethical guidelines for self-driving car decision making and highlighting the difficulties with adapting public opinion to decision making algorithms. eng
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Lausanne : Frontiers Media S.A.
dc.relation.ispartofseries Frontiers in Psychology 10 (2019)
dc.rights CC BY 4.0 Unported
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject artificial intelligence ethics eng
dc.subject autonomous vehicles eng
dc.subject ethics eng
dc.subject moral dilemmas eng
dc.subject moral judgement eng
dc.subject self-driving cars eng
dc.subject virtual reality eng
dc.subject.ddc 150 | Psychologie ger
dc.title Moral Judgements on the Actions of Self-Driving Cars and Human Drivers in Dilemma Situations From Different Perspectives
dc.type article
dc.type Text
dc.relation.issn 1664-1078
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02415
dc.bibliographicCitation.volume 10
dc.bibliographicCitation.firstPage 2415
dc.description.version publishedVersion
tib.accessRights frei zug�nglich


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