Micronutrient status of recreational runners with vegetarian or non-vegetarian dietary patterns

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dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.15488/8812
dc.identifier.uri https://www.repo.uni-hannover.de/handle/123456789/8865
dc.contributor.author Nebl, Josefine
dc.contributor.author Schuchardt, Jan Philipp
dc.contributor.author Ströhle, Alexander
dc.contributor.author Wasserfurth, Paulina
dc.contributor.author Haufe, Sven
dc.contributor.author Eigendorf, Julian
dc.contributor.author Tegtbur, Uwe
dc.contributor.author Hahn, Andreas
dc.date.accessioned 2019-12-11T16:44:51Z
dc.date.available 2019-12-11T16:44:51Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Nebl, J. et al.: Micronutrient status of recreational runners with vegetarian or non-vegetarian dietary patterns. In: Nutrients 11 (2019), Nr. 5, 1146. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11051146
dc.description.abstract Vegetarian diets have gained popularity in sports. However, few data exist on the status of micronutrients and related biomarkers for vegetarian and vegan athletes. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare the micronutrient status of omnivorous (OMN, n = 27), lacto-ovo-vegetarian (LOV, n = 26), and vegan (VEG, n = 28) recreational runners. Biomarkers of vitamin B12, folate, vitamin D, and iron were assessed. Additionally, serum levels of calcium, magnesium, and zinc were examined. Lifestyle factors and supplement intake were recorded via questionnaires. About 80% of each group showed vitamin B12 adequacy with higher levels in supplement users. Mean red blood cell folate exceeded the reference range (>340 nmol/L) in all three groups (OMN: 2213 ± 444, LOV: 2236 ± 596, and VEG: 2354 ± 639 nmol/L; not significant, n.s.). Furthermore, vitamin D levels were comparable (OMN: 90.6 ± 32.1, LOV: 76.8 ± 33.7, and VEG: 86.2 ± 39.5 nmol/L; n.s.), and we found low prevalence (<20%) of vitamin D inadequacy in all three groups. Less than 30% of each group had depleted iron stores, however, iron deficiency anemia was not found in any subject. Our findings suggest that a well-planned, health-conscious lacto-ovo-vegetarian and vegan diet, including supplements, can meet the athlete’s requirements of vitamin B12, vitamin D and iron. eng
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Basel : MDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofseries Nutrients 11 (2019), Nr. 5
dc.rights CC BY 4.0 Unported
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject Nutrient status eng
dc.subject Nutrient supply eng
dc.subject Recreational athletes eng
dc.subject Veganism eng
dc.subject Vegetarianism eng
dc.subject.ddc 610 | Medizin, Gesundheit ger
dc.title Micronutrient status of recreational runners with vegetarian or non-vegetarian dietary patterns
dc.type article
dc.type Text
dc.relation.issn 20726643
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11051146
dc.bibliographicCitation.volume 11
dc.bibliographicCitation.firstPage 1146
dc.description.version publishedVersion
tib.accessRights frei zug�nglich

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