Do preschools differ in promoting children's physical activity? An instrument for the assessment of preschool physical activity programmes

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dc.identifier.uri Sterdt, Elena Pape, Natalie Kramer, Silke Urban, Michael Werning, Rolf Walter, Ulla 2016-10-31T10:06:39Z 2016-10-31T10:06:39Z 2013
dc.identifier.citation Sterdt, E.; Pape, Natalie; Kramer, S.; Urban, M.; Werning, Rolf et al.: Do preschools differ in promoting children's physical activity? An instrument for the assessment of preschool physical activity programmes. In: BMC Public Health 13 (2013), Nr. 1, 795. DOI:
dc.description.abstract Background: Preschools offer high potential for preventive interventions. However, little is known about the structure of preschool programmes to promote physical activity (PA) in preschoolers although almost all children aged three to six years spend one third of the day at preschool. The aim of this study was to determine whether and to what extent preschools implement systematic PA promotion measures using an instrument specifically developed to assess and systematize preschool PA programmes. Methods. In the cross-sectional study a baseline survey of preschool education policies was conducted to identify and assess the type and extent of PA programmes and opportunities in preschools in the State of Lower Saxony, Germany. An assessment instrument was developed to identify preschools with systematic PA programmes (type 1) and those without PA programmes (type 2) based on the following quality criteria: A) written PA policy, B) structured weekly PA offerings for all children; C) at least one qualified physical education teacher; D) PA-friendly indoor and outdoor facilities (exercise room, situational PA opportunities, outdoor areas, play equipment etc.), and E) structured PA promotion in place for at least two years. A third type of preschool that promotes PA in children to some extent (i.e., that meets the criteria partially but not completely) was classified as "preschools with limited PA programmes". Results: 2415 preschools participated in the survey (response rate: 59%). The results show that 26% (n = 554) have a systematic PA programme while 3% (n = 64) have no PA programme. Most (71%, n = 1514) were classified as limited PA programme preschools. All three types of preschools differed significantly (p =.000) from each other in terms of size (small vs. large). Most of the preschools without PA programmes are small half-day preschools. Conclusions: The study investigated an assessment- instrument providing extensive insight into the nature, extent and routine practical implementation of PA promotion in preschools. The criteria used to evaluate preschool PA programmes are well-suited to identify the different preschool PA programme types and target areas in the field of PA promotion in which specific measures (teacher education, structured PA offerings, etc.) can be implemented in future interventions. eng
dc.description.sponsorship Lower Saxony Institute for Early Childhood Education and Development
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher London : BioMed Central Ltd.
dc.relation.ispartofseries BMC Public Health 13 (2013), Nr. 1
dc.rights CC BY 2.0
dc.subject Assessment instrument eng
dc.subject Children eng
dc.subject Physical activity eng
dc.subject Preschool eng
dc.subject child eng
dc.subject cross-sectional study eng
dc.subject curriculum eng
dc.subject female eng
dc.subject Germany eng
dc.subject health promotion eng
dc.subject human eng
dc.subject male eng
dc.subject motor activity eng
dc.subject physical education eng
dc.subject preschool child eng
dc.subject questionnaire eng
dc.subject recreation eng
dc.subject school eng
dc.subject school health service eng
dc.subject statistics and numerical data eng
dc.subject Child eng
dc.subject Child, Preschool eng
dc.subject Cross-Sectional Studies eng
dc.subject Curriculum eng
dc.subject Female eng
dc.subject Germany eng
dc.subject Health Promotion eng
dc.subject Humans eng
dc.subject Male eng
dc.subject Motor Activity eng
dc.subject Physical Education and Training eng
dc.subject Play and Playthings eng
dc.subject Questionnaires eng
dc.subject School Health Services eng
dc.subject Schools eng
dc.subject.ddc 610 | Medizin, Gesundheit ger
dc.title Do preschools differ in promoting children's physical activity? An instrument for the assessment of preschool physical activity programmes
dc.type article
dc.type Text
dc.relation.issn 1471-2458
dc.bibliographicCitation.issue 1
dc.bibliographicCitation.volume 13
dc.bibliographicCitation.firstPage 795
dc.description.version publishedVersion
tib.accessRights frei zug�nglich

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