The functional basis of case systems and declension classes: From latin to old french

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dc.identifier.uri Plank, Frans 2018-04-19T07:53:06Z 2018-04-19T07:53:06Z 1979
dc.identifier.citation Plank, F.: The functional basis of case systems and declension classes: From latin to old french. In: Linguistics 17 (1979), S. 611-640. DOI:
dc.description.abstract The development of the Old French (OF) system of one or two cases and three declensions from the Classical Latin system of six cases and five declensions, via Vulgar Latin (VL), cannot be accounted for without reference to the syntax and semantics / pragmatics of the central grammatical relations of subject, object, attribute. It is argued in this paper that many VL/OF ‘analogical’ inflectional changes and re-distributions of nouns among existing or newly formed declension classes, changes that seem arbitrary from a purely morphological or phonological perspective, are determined by a general functional principle: overt relational distinctions are made (created or not abandoned) only if necessary in order to distinguish co-occurring term phrases and to identify their grammatical relation / semantic role, in so far as this is not possible on account of the pragmatic and semantic properties of these terms. This investigation also has implications with regard to the relationship between functionally based and grammaticalized relational encoding. Although the inflectional coding of each noun may be strictly grammaticalized rather than functionally variable, languages with declension classes do not a priori fall outside the scope of the functional principle; rather, it is this kind of nominal classification itself which has a functional rationale. eng
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Berlin : De Gruyter
dc.relation.ispartofseries Linguistics 17 (1979)
dc.rights Es gilt deutsches Urheberrecht. Das Dokument darf zum eigenen Gebrauch kostenfrei genutzt, aber nicht im Internet bereitgestellt oder an Außenstehende weitergegeben werden. Dieser Beitrag ist aufgrund einer (DFG-geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.
dc.subject Latin eng
dc.subject Old French eng
dc.subject grammar eng
dc.subject.ddc 400 | Sprache, Linguistik ger
dc.title The functional basis of case systems and declension classes: From latin to old french
dc.type article
dc.type Text
dc.relation.issn 0024-3949
dc.bibliographicCitation.issue August
dc.bibliographicCitation.volume 17
dc.bibliographicCitation.firstPage 611
dc.bibliographicCitation.lastPage 640
dc.description.version publishedVersion
tib.accessRights frei zug�nglich

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