German vegan study: Diet, life-style factors, and cardiovascular risk profile

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dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.15488/2732
dc.identifier.uri http://www.repo.uni-hannover.de/handle/123456789/2758
dc.contributor.author Waldmann, A.
dc.contributor.author Koschizke, J.W.
dc.contributor.author Leitzmann, C.
dc.contributor.author Hahn, A.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-02-09T09:27:50Z
dc.date.available 2018-02-09T09:27:50Z
dc.date.issued 2005
dc.identifier.citation Waldmann, A.; Koschizke, J.W.; Leitzmann, C.; Hahn, A.: German vegan study: Diet, life-style factors, and cardiovascular risk profile. In: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 49 (2005), Nr. 6, S. 366-372. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1159/000088888
dc.description.abstract Background/Aim: Evaluation of cardiovascular risk profile in 154 German vegans. Methods: Cross-sectional study, Germany. Study instruments: 2 FFQ, 2 questionnaires, analyses of fasting venous blood samples. Results: The total study population had a low BMI (mean: 22.3 kg/m2), a moderate blood pressure (mean: 120/75 mm Hg), an extremely low consumption of alcohol (mean: 0.77 g/day) and 96.8% were nonsmokers. Moderate physical activity (PAL) was reported by nearly 50%, whereas 22.7% declared to have a high PAL (>3 h/week). Median triacylglycerol (TG) was 0.81 mmol/l, total cholesterol (TC) was 4.33 mmol/l, HDL was 1.34 mmol/l. The mean TC/HDL-ratio was 3.3. Lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) was 8.13 mg/dl, concentrations of >30 mg/dl were prevalent in 25% of the participants. In general, status of folate and pyridoxine were sufficient, while 49.7% showed cobalamin concentrations <150 pmol/l. Plasma homocysteine levels were slightly elevated (median: 12.5 µmol/l). Cobalamin concentration and duration of vegan nutrition were the main determinants of homocysteine in the total study population. Conclusion: Although TC and LDL concentrations were favorable, low HDL and elevated homocysteine and Lp(a) concentrations were unfavorable. Overall, these results confirm the notion that a vegan diet is deficient in vitamin B12, which may have an unfavorable effect on CHD risk. eng
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Basel : S. Karger AG
dc.relation.ispartofseries Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 49 (2005), Nr. 6
dc.rights Es gilt deutsches Urheberrecht. Das Dokument darf zum eigenen Gebrauch kostenfrei genutzt, aber nicht im Internet bereitgestellt oder an Außenstehende weitergegeben werden. Dieser Beitrag ist aufgrund einer (DFG-geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.
dc.subject Cardiovascular risk eng
dc.subject Cholesterol eng
dc.subject Homocysteine eng
dc.subject Lipoprotein(a) eng
dc.subject Vegan eng
dc.subject alcohol eng
dc.subject cholesterol eng
dc.subject cobalamin eng
dc.subject folic acid eng
dc.subject high density lipoprotein eng
dc.subject homocysteine eng
dc.subject lipoprotein A eng
dc.subject low density lipoprotein eng
dc.subject pyridoxine eng
dc.subject triacylglycerol eng
dc.subject adult eng
dc.subject alcohol consumption eng
dc.subject article eng
dc.subject blood pressure eng
dc.subject blood sampling eng
dc.subject body mass eng
dc.subject cardiovascular risk eng
dc.subject cardiovascular system eng
dc.subject cholesterol blood level eng
dc.subject controlled study eng
dc.subject diet eng
dc.subject diet restriction eng
dc.subject female eng
dc.subject Germany eng
dc.subject human eng
dc.subject lifestyle eng
dc.subject lipoprotein blood level eng
dc.subject major clinical study eng
dc.subject male eng
dc.subject physical activity eng
dc.subject population research eng
dc.subject priority journal eng
dc.subject questionnaire eng
dc.subject risk assessment eng
dc.subject triacylglycerol blood level eng
dc.subject vegetarian diet eng
dc.subject venous blood eng
dc.subject vitamin blood level eng
dc.subject Adult eng
dc.subject Alcohol Drinking eng
dc.subject Cardiovascular Diseases eng
dc.subject Cross-Sectional Studies eng
dc.subject Diet, Vegetarian eng
dc.subject Energy Intake eng
dc.subject Exercise eng
dc.subject Female eng
dc.subject Germany eng
dc.subject Humans eng
dc.subject Life Style eng
dc.subject Lipids eng
dc.subject Male eng
dc.subject Middle Aged eng
dc.subject Nutritional Requirements eng
dc.subject Questionnaires eng
dc.subject Risk Factors eng
dc.subject Smoking eng
dc.subject Vitamin B 12 eng
dc.subject Vitamin B 12 Deficiency eng
dc.subject.ddc 610 | Medizin, Gesundheit ger
dc.title German vegan study: Diet, life-style factors, and cardiovascular risk profile
dc.type article
dc.type Text
dc.relation.issn 0250-6807
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1159/000088888
dc.bibliographicCitation.issue 6
dc.bibliographicCitation.volume 49
dc.bibliographicCitation.firstPage 366
dc.bibliographicCitation.lastPage 372
dc.description.version publishedVersion
tib.accessRights frei zug�nglich


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