Why do occupations dominated by women pay less? How ‘female-typical’ work tasks and working-time arrangements affect the gender wage gap among higher education graduates

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dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.15488/2366
dc.identifier.uri http://www.repo.uni-hannover.de/handle/123456789/2392
dc.contributor.author Leuze, Kathrin
dc.contributor.author Strauß, Susanne
dc.date.accessioned 2017-11-17T12:26:22Z
dc.date.available 2017-11-17T12:26:22Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Leuze, K.; Strauß, S.: Why do occupations dominated by women pay less? How ‘female-typical’ work tasks and working-time arrangements affect the gender wage gap among higher education graduates. In: Work, Employment and Society 30 (2016), Nr. 5, S. 802-820. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0950017015624402
dc.description.abstract Even though women today constitute the majority of higher education graduates, they still earn considerably less than their male counterparts. Previous research demonstrates that occupational sex segregation is important for understanding the gender wage gap, since occupations dominated by women pay less; yet less is known about why this is the case. This article explores two possible mechanisms: the devaluation of ‘female-typical’ work tasks and working-time arrangements. Hypotheses are tested by applying OLS regression and Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition analyses to the log hourly wages of a representative sample of German higher education graduates from 2001. Results confirm that occupational overtime increases and occupational part-time work decreases wages, indicating that occupations dominated by women pay less due to their ‘female-typical’ working-time arrangements. However, inconsistent with the devaluation thesis, tasks like teaching/educating increase wages for women, too, which speaks against a general lower value of ‘female-typical’ tasks, at least among the highly qualified. eng
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher London : SAGE Publications Ltd.
dc.relation.ispartofseries Work, Employment and Society 30 (2016), Nr. 5
dc.rights Es gilt deutsches Urheberrecht. Das Dokument darf zum eigenen Gebrauch kostenfrei genutzt, aber nicht im Internet bereitgestellt oder an Außenstehende weitergegeben werden. Dieser Beitrag ist aufgrund einer (DFG-geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.
dc.subject gender wage gap eng
dc.subject Germany eng
dc.subject higher education eng
dc.subject occupational sex segregation eng
dc.subject work tasks eng
dc.subject working time eng
dc.subject.ddc 300 | Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie, Anthropologie ger
dc.title Why do occupations dominated by women pay less? How ‘female-typical’ work tasks and working-time arrangements affect the gender wage gap among higher education graduates
dc.type article
dc.type Text
dc.relation.issn 0950-0170
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1177/0950017015624402
dc.bibliographicCitation.issue 5
dc.bibliographicCitation.volume 30
dc.bibliographicCitation.firstPage 802
dc.bibliographicCitation.lastPage 820
dc.description.version publishedVersion
tib.accessRights frei zug�nglich


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