Health and environmental applications of gut microbiome: A review

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dc.identifier.uri Chatterjee, Soumya Datta, Sibnarayan Sharma, Sonika Tiwari, Sarika Gupta, Dharmendra K. 2017-11-13T08:18:12Z 2017-11-13T08:18:12Z 2017
dc.identifier.citation Chatterjee, S.; Datta, S.; Sharma, S.; Tiwari, S.; Gupta, D.K.: Health and environmental applications of gut microbiome: A review. In: Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S 24 (2017), Nr. 3, S. 467-482. DOI:
dc.description.abstract Life on Earth harbours an unimaginable diversity of microbial communities. Among these, gut microbiome, the ecological communities of commensal, symbionts (bacteria and bacteriophages) are a unique assemblage of microbes. This microbial population of animal gut helps in performing organism's physiological processes to stay healthy and fit. The role of these microbial communities is immense. They continually maintain interrelation with the intestinal mucosa in a subtle equilibrium and help the gut for different functions ranging from metabolism to immunologic functions like upgradation of nutrient-poor diets, aid in digestion of recalcitrant food components, protection from pathogens, contribute to inter-And intra-specific communication, affecting the efficiency as disease vectors etc. The microbial diversity in the gut depends upon environmental competition between microbes, their sieving effects and subsequent elimination. Due to wide diversity of anatomy and physiology of the digestive tracts and food habits, the gut microbiome also differs broadly among animals. Stochastic factors through the history of colonization of the microbiome in a species and in situ evolution are likely to establish interspecies diversity. Moreover, the microbes offer enormous opportunity to discover novel species for therapeutic and/or biotechnological applications. In this manuscript, we review the available knowledge on gut microbiome, emphasising their role in health and health related applications in human. © 2017 Soumya Chatterjee et al., published by De Gruyter Open 2017. eng
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Warsaw : De Gruyter Open Ltd
dc.relation.ispartofseries Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S 24 (2017), Nr. 3
dc.rights CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 Unported
dc.subject enterotype eng
dc.subject environment eng
dc.subject evolution eng
dc.subject gut-microbiota eng
dc.subject Wolbachia eng
dc.subject.ddc 624 | Ingenieurbau und Umwelttechnik ger
dc.subject.ddc 600 | Technik ger
dc.title Health and environmental applications of gut microbiome: A review
dc.type article
dc.type Text
dc.relation.issn 1898-6196
dc.bibliographicCitation.issue 3
dc.bibliographicCitation.volume 24
dc.bibliographicCitation.firstPage 467
dc.bibliographicCitation.lastPage 482
dc.description.version publishedVersion
tib.accessRights frei zug�nglich

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