Horticultural Characteristics of Summer Apple Cultivars from Turkey

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dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.15488/12244
dc.identifier.uri https://www.repo.uni-hannover.de/handle/123456789/12342
dc.contributor.author Mertoğlu, Kerem
dc.contributor.author Akkurt, Emre
dc.contributor.author Evrenosoğlu, Yasemin
dc.contributor.author Çolak, Ayşen Melda
dc.contributor.author Esatbeyoglu, Tuba
dc.date.accessioned 2022-06-15T10:10:25Z
dc.date.available 2022-06-15T10:10:25Z
dc.date.issued 2022
dc.identifier.citation Mertoğlu, K.; Akkurt, E.; Evrenosoğlu, Y.; Çolak, A.M.; Esatbeyoglu, T.: Horticultural Characteristics of Summer Apple Cultivars from Turkey. In: Plants : open access journal 11 (2022), Nr. 6, 771. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11060771
dc.description.abstract Early varieties with a short active vegetation period are not exposed to abiotic stress factors for instance drought, high temperature, etc., caused by global climate change, and biotic stress factors such as codling moth (Cydia pomonella) and apple scab (Venturia inequalis) that cause serious economic losses. Therefore, their places are extremely important regarding sustainable, economical and quality production. In this context, four early varieties of apple (‘Vista Bella’, ‘Summer Red’, ‘Williams Pride’ and ‘Jersey Mac’) grown in Eskisehir—Turkey where has continental climate were characterized in terms of horticultural characteristics. The difference observed in flowering and harvest times between years showed that average air temperatures are essential on phenological characteristics. Furthermore, high temperature accelerates development physiology of fruit. Major important characteristics, namely, fruit length, width, weight, soluble solid content, antioxidant activity, vitamin C and total phenolic content were found in the range of 39.19–50.88 mm, 51.48–60.81 mm, 80.59–86.16 g, 11.87–12.19%, 50.69–80.57%, 2.24–4.79 mg 100 mL−1 and 259.23–871.42 mg GAE (gallic acid equivalent) L−1, respectively. ‘Summer Red’ and ‘Williams Pride’ varieties were found to be good in terms of pomological characteristics, while ‘Vista Bella’ came to the fore with its chemical properties. On the other hand, ‘Jersey Mac’ has shown superior performance in terms of both pomological and chemical characteristics. Pomological characteristics are affected more by ecological differences, while chemical characteristics vary according to the changes in the pomological properties. Pomological characteristics were found to have a significant positive correlation with each other but negatively correlated with chemical characteristics. eng
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Basel : MDPI
dc.relation.ispartofseries Plants : open access journal 11 (2022), Nr. 6
dc.rights CC BY 4.0 Unported
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject antioxidant eng
dc.subject climate change eng
dc.subject Malus domestica eng
dc.subject polyphenol eng
dc.subject vitamin C eng
dc.subject.ddc 580 | Pflanzen (Botanik) ger
dc.title Horticultural Characteristics of Summer Apple Cultivars from Turkey
dc.type Article
dc.type Text
dc.relation.essn 2223-7747
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11060771
dc.bibliographicCitation.issue 6
dc.bibliographicCitation.volume 11
dc.bibliographicCitation.firstPage 771
dc.description.version publishedVersion
tib.accessRights frei zug�nglich

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