Ecological restoration across the Mediterranean Basin as viewed by practitioners

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dc.identifier.uri Nunes, Alice Oliveira, Graca Mexia, Teresa Valdecantos, Alejandro Zucca, Claudio Costantini, Edoardo A.C. Abraham, Eleni M. Kyriazopoulos, Apostolos P. Salah, Ayman Prasse, Rüdiger Correia, Otilia Milliken, Sarah Kotzen, Benz Branquinho, Cristina 2017-01-12T08:11:05Z 2017-01-12T08:11:05Z 2016
dc.identifier.citation Nunes, A.; Oliveira, G.; Mexia, T.; Valdecantos, A.; Zucca, C. et al.: Ecological restoration across the Mediterranean Basin as viewed by practitioners. In: Science of the Total Environment 566-567 (2016), S. 722-732. DOI:
dc.description.abstract Restoration efforts in the Mediterranean Basin have been changing from a silvicultural to an ecological restoration approach. Yet, to what extent the projects are guided by ecological restoration principles remains largely unknown. To analyse this issue, we built an on-line survey addressed to restoration practitioners.We analysed 36 restoration projects, mostly from drylands (86%). The projects used mainly soil from local sources. The need to comply with legislation was more important as a restoration motive for European Union (EU) than for non-EU countries, while public opinion and health had a greater importance in the latter. Non-EU countries relied more on non-native plant species than EU countries, thus deviating from ecological restoration guidelines. Nursery-grown plants used were mostly of local or regional provenance, whilst seeds were mostly of national provenance. Unexpected restoration results (e.g. inadequate biodiversity) were reported for 50% of the projects and restoration success was never evaluated in 22%. Long term evaluation (>. 6 years) was only performed in 31% of cases, and based primarily on plant diversity and cover. The use of non-native species and species of exogenous provenances may: i) entail the loss of local genetic and functional trait diversity, critical to cope with drought, particularly under the predicted climate change scenarios, and ii) lead to unexpected competition with native species and/or negatively impact local biotic interactions. Absent or inappropriate monitoring may prevent the understanding of restoration trajectories, precluding adaptive management strategies, often crucial to create functional ecosystems able to provide ecosystem services. The overview of ecological restoration projects in the Mediterranean Basin revealed high variability among practices and highlighted the need for improved scientific assistance and information exchange, greater use of native species of local provenance, and more long-term monitoring and evaluation, including functional and ecosystem services' indicators, to improve and spread the practice of ecological restoration. © 2016 The Authors. eng
dc.description.sponsorship COST Action ES1104
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Amsterdam : Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartofseries Science of the Total Environment 566-567 (2016)
dc.rights CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Unported
dc.subject Drylands eng
dc.subject Ecological restoration practice index eng
dc.subject Native species eng
dc.subject Provenance eng
dc.subject Restoration success eng
dc.subject Survey eng
dc.subject Biodiversity eng
dc.subject Climate change eng
dc.subject Ecology eng
dc.subject Ecosystems eng
dc.subject Seed eng
dc.subject Social aspects eng
dc.subject Surveying eng
dc.subject Surveys eng
dc.subject Climate change scenarios eng
dc.subject Dry land eng
dc.subject Ecological restoration eng
dc.subject Information exchanges eng
dc.subject Long term monitoring eng
dc.subject Long-term evaluation eng
dc.subject Native species eng
dc.subject Provenance eng
dc.subject Restoration eng
dc.subject.ddc 530 | Physik ger
dc.title Ecological restoration across the Mediterranean Basin as viewed by practitioners
dc.type Article
dc.type Text
dc.relation.issn 0048-9697
dc.bibliographicCitation.volume 566-567
dc.bibliographicCitation.firstPage 722
dc.bibliographicCitation.lastPage 732
dc.description.version publishedVersion
tib.accessRights frei zug�nglich

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