Moral Judgements on the Actions of Self-Driving Cars and Human Drivers in Dilemma Situations From Different Perspectives

Downloadstatistik des Dokuments (Auswertung nach COUNTER):

Kallioinen, N.; Pershina, M.; Zeiser, J.; Nosrat, Nezami, F. et al.: Moral Judgements on the Actions of Self-Driving Cars and Human Drivers in Dilemma Situations From Different Perspectives. In: Frontiers in Psychology 10 (2019), 2415. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02415

Version im Repositorium

Zum Zitieren der Version im Repositorium verwenden Sie bitte diesen DOI: https://doi.org/10.15488/9293

Zeitraum, für den die Download-Zahlen angezeigt werden:

Jahr: 
Monat: 

Summe der Downloads: 127




Kleine Vorschau
Zusammenfassung: 
Self-driving cars have the potential to greatly improve public safety. However, their introduction onto public roads must overcome both ethical and technical challenges. To further understand the ethical issues of introducing self-driving cars, we conducted two moral judgement studies investigating potential differences in the moral norms applied to human drivers and self-driving cars. In the experiments, participants made judgements on a series of dilemma situations involving human drivers or self-driving cars. We manipulated which perspective situations were presented from in order to ascertain the effect of perspective on moral judgements. Two main findings were apparent from the results of the experiments. First, human drivers and self-driving cars were largely judged similarly. However, there was a stronger tendency to prefer self-driving cars to act in ways to minimize harm, compared to human drivers. Second, there was an indication that perspective influences judgements in some situations. Specifically, when considering situations from the perspective of a pedestrian, people preferred actions that would endanger car occupants instead of themselves. However, they did not show such a self-preservation tendency when the alternative was to endanger other pedestrians to save themselves. This effect was more prevalent for judgements on human drivers than self-driving cars. Overall, the results extend and agree with previous research, again contradicting existing ethical guidelines for self-driving car decision making and highlighting the difficulties with adapting public opinion to decision making algorithms.
Lizenzbestimmungen: CC BY 4.0 Unported
Publikationstyp: article
Publikationsstatus: publishedVersion
Erstveröffentlichung: 2019
Die Publikation erscheint in Sammlung(en):Philosophische Fakultät

Verteilung der Downloads über den gewählten Zeitraum:

Herkunft der Downloads nach Ländern:

Pos. Land Downloads
Anzahl Proz.
1 image of flag of Germany Germany 48 37,80%
2 image of flag of United States United States 26 20,47%
3 image of flag of No geo information available No geo information available 23 18,11%
4 image of flag of Japan Japan 12 9,45%
5 image of flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom 5 3,94%
6 image of flag of Taiwan Taiwan 2 1,57%
7 image of flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 1 0,79%
8 image of flag of Russian Federation Russian Federation 1 0,79%
9 image of flag of Netherlands Netherlands 1 0,79%
10 image of flag of Korea, Republic of Korea, Republic of 1 0,79%
    andere 7 5,51%

Weitere Download-Zahlen und Ranglisten:


Hinweis

Zur Erhebung der Downloadstatistiken kommen entsprechend dem „COUNTER Code of Practice for e-Resources“ international anerkannte Regeln und Normen zur Anwendung. COUNTER ist eine internationale Non-Profit-Organisation, in der Bibliotheksverbände, Datenbankanbieter und Verlage gemeinsam an Standards zur Erhebung, Speicherung und Verarbeitung von Nutzungsdaten elektronischer Ressourcen arbeiten, welche so Objektivität und Vergleichbarkeit gewährleisten sollen. Es werden hierbei ausschließlich Zugriffe auf die entsprechenden Volltexte ausgewertet, keine Aufrufe der Website an sich.