Distribution of functional groups in periodic Mesoporous organosilica materials studied by small-angle neutron scattering with in situ adsorption of nitrogen

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Sharifi, Monir; Wallacher D.; Wark M.: Distribution of functional groups in periodic Mesoporous organosilica materials studied by small-angle neutron scattering with in situ adsorption of nitrogen. In: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 3 82012), Nr. 1, S. 428-437. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3762/bjnano.3.49

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Periodic mesoporous materials of the type (R'O) 3Si-R-Si(OR') 3 with benzene as an organic bridge and a crystal-like periodicity within the pore walls were functionalized with SO 3H or SO 3 - groups and investigated by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) with in situ nitrogen adsorption at 77 K. If N 2 is adsorbed in the pores the SANS measurements show a complete matching of all of the diffraction signals that are caused by the long-range ordering of the mesopores in the benzene-PMO, due to the fact that the benzene-PMO walls possess a neutron scattering length density (SLD) similar to that of nitrogen in the condensed state. However, signals at higher q-values (>1 1/Å) are not affected with respect to their SANS intensity, even after complete pore filling, confirming the assumption of a crystal-like periodicity within the PMO material walls due to π-π interactions between the organic bridges. The SLD of pristine benzene-PMO was altered by functionalizing the surface with different amounts of SO3H-groups, using the grafting method. For a low degree of functionalization (0.81 mmol SO 3H·g -1) and/or an inhomogeneous distribution of the SO 3H-groups, the SLD changes only negligibly, and thus, complete contrast matching is still found. However, for higher amounts of SO 3H-groups (1.65 mmol SO 3H·g -1) being present in the mesopores, complete matching of the neutron diffraction signals is no longer observed proving that homogeneously distributed SO 3H-groups on the inner pore walls of the benzene-PMO alter the SLD in a way that it no longer fits to the SLD of the condensed N 2.
License of this version: CC BY 2.0
Document Type: article
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 2012
Appears in Collections:Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät

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