Cell broadening revisited: Results from high-resolution large-eddy simulations of cold air outbreaks

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Schröter, M.; Raasch, S.; Jansen, H.: Cell broadening revisited: Results from high-resolution large-eddy simulations of cold air outbreaks. In: Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 62 (2005), Nr. 6, S. 2023-2032. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1175/JAS3451.1

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Large-eddy simulations (LES) have been carried out in order to investigate the structure and development of organized mesoscale cellular convection (MCC) during cold air outbreaks (CAOB) and to reevaluate results by Müller and Chlond. Some limitations of this and other earlier LES studies of CAOBs have been removed by using a parallelized model with both a large horizontal domain and a fine grid resolution. These model simulations reveal a hitherto undiscovered insight into the development of MCC. It is shown that MCC with aspect ratios larger than 10 only develop in the presence of diabatic heat sources, that is, latent heat release within the clouds and cloud-top radiative cooling, which confirms results from previous studies. Simulated cells are of closed type. The wind field is seen to be correlated with the liquid water field, and thus, dynamic variables are organized on the mesoscale as well. Updrafts predominantly occur in regions with high liquid water content. Two-dimensional spectral analysis confirms clear peaks at the wavelength of the MCC. The dynamic variables are characterized by an organized conglomeration of randomly distributed up- and downdrafts, where each convective cell can hardly be detected by eye. Whereas scalar variables like temperature and the liquid water path field are characterized by large scales with aspect ratios of 9 to 11, in the vertical velocity field multiple scales are present simultaneously, with small scales having aspect ratios between 1 and 3 contributing most to the total energy, but also large scales correlated with scales seen in the thermodynamic variables. Copyright 2005 American Meteorological Society
License of this version: Es gilt deutsches Urheberrecht. Das Dokument darf zum eigenen Gebrauch kostenfrei genutzt, aber nicht im Internet bereitgestellt oder an Außenstehende weitergegeben werden.
Document Type: article
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 2005
Appears in Collections:Fakultät für Mathematik und Physik

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