The Preference and Actual Use of Different Types of Rural Recreation Areas by Urban Dwellers – The Hamburg Case Study

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Boll, Thiemen; Haaren, Christina von; Ruschkowski, Eick von: The Preference and Actual Use of Different Types of Rural Recreation Areas by Urban Dwellers – The Hamburg Case Study. In: PLoS ONE 9 (2014), Nr. 10. DOI:

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Sum total of downloads: 166

In the wake of urbanisation processes and the constitution of metropolitan regions, the role of the city's rural surroundings is receiving more attention from researchers and planners as rural areas offer various (cultural) ecosystem services for the urban population. Urban dwellers increasingly desire recreation and landscape experience. Although this need for recreation is generally recognized, few studies have focused on the question of people's preferences for certain types and characteristics of outdoor recreation areas in relation to the frequency of use. In order to acquire baseline data on this subject, the main objectives of this study were to explore recreation preferences of urban dwellers and the relation between actual use and perceived value of recreation areas in a case study in the Hamburg Metropolitan Region (Germany). In a social survey, Hamburg residents (n = 400) were asked about their preferences and use of four important regional recreation areas with different landscape characteristics in face-to-face interviews in different locations in the city. We found that both outdoor recreation within and outside of the city were fairly or very important for more than 70% of the questioned urban dwellers. Interestingly, the preference for a recreation area outside of the city did not depend on the frequency of use, which indicates that certain recreation areas had a symbolic value besides their use value. When people were questioned on the characteristics of recreation areas, perceived naturalness was found to be strongly related to preference. Respondents considered the diversity, uniqueness, and naturalness of the landscape to be far more important than the accessibility of the recreation areas and the provision of service facilities.
License of this version: CC BY 4.0
Document Type: article
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 2014-10-14
Appears in Collections:Fakultät für Architektur und Landschaft

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pos. country downloads
total perc.
1 image of flag of Germany Germany 154 92.77%
2 image of flag of No geo information available No geo information available 3 1.81%
3 image of flag of United States United States 3 1.81%
4 image of flag of Turkey Turkey 1 0.60%
5 image of flag of Paraguay Paraguay 1 0.60%
6 image of flag of Indonesia Indonesia 1 0.60%
7 image of flag of China China 1 0.60%
8 image of flag of Brazil Brazil 1 0.60%
9 image of flag of Austria Austria 1 0.60%

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