Application of Rechargeable Batteries of Electrical Vehicles as Time Dependent Storage Resource for the Public Electricity Grid

Download statistics - Document (COUNTER):

Arafat, Zivar; Fehling, Tristan; Kleiss, Gerhard; Nacke, Bernard: Application of Rechargeable Batteries of Electrical Vehicles as Time Dependent Storage Resource for the Public Electricity Grid. In: Energy Procedia 155 (2018), S. 478-491. DOI:

Repository version

To cite the version in the repository, please use this identifier:

Selected time period:


Sum total of downloads: 93

This study investigates the potential to use the EES storages of a fleet of privately owned Electrical Vehicles (EV) as time dependent storage source connected to the electrical grid. The example of the national German electricity grid is examined. Calculations are done as time series on a complete yearly set of quarter-hour data for generation and consumption, as obtained from the national regulatory authority (“Bundesnetzagentur”). Future scenarios foresee targets that have been publicly stated by the German government, e.g. the projected discontinuation of electricity generation by nuclear power, the envisaged shares of renewables within the electricity mix per 2030 or 2050, and a projected evolution of the number of EV. Besides, the technical evolution like introduction of new types of EES like the Li-Air-storage promising higher storage capacity in the future is expected. The model assumes that private users of EV will provide the storage capacity within their EV to the public grid following a certain time pattern. A minimum reserve for the user is always granted and moreover it is assumed that the electrical system operator will make compensation payments to the user of the EV. In a scenario beyond 2030 where 6 Mio EV are projected, the number of EV is assumed to be 20 Mio EV in 2050. This results in a considerably large distributed storage to help dealing with a future more and more volatile electricity provision by more and more renewable energy sources, especially wind and PV. According to our preliminary results, an optimum for this model can be obtained at moderate power levels for charge and discharge, avoiding the necessity for a comparable high invest of “fast charging” stations.
License of this version: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Unported
Document Type: article
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 2018
Appears in Collections:Fakultät für Elektrotechnik und Informatik

distribution of downloads over the selected time period:

downloads by country:

pos. country downloads
total perc.
1 image of flag of Germany Germany 84 90.32%
2 image of flag of United States United States 4 4.30%
3 image of flag of Philippines Philippines 2 2.15%
4 image of flag of France France 2 2.15%
5 image of flag of No geo information available No geo information available 1 1.08%

Further download figures and rankings:


Zur Erhebung der Downloadstatistiken kommen entsprechend dem „COUNTER Code of Practice for e-Resources“ international anerkannte Regeln und Normen zur Anwendung. COUNTER ist eine internationale Non-Profit-Organisation, in der Bibliotheksverbände, Datenbankanbieter und Verlage gemeinsam an Standards zur Erhebung, Speicherung und Verarbeitung von Nutzungsdaten elektronischer Ressourcen arbeiten, welche so Objektivität und Vergleichbarkeit gewährleisten sollen. Es werden hierbei ausschließlich Zugriffe auf die entsprechenden Volltexte ausgewertet, keine Aufrufe der Website an sich.

Search the repository