Big Data, epistemology and causality: Knowledge in and knowledge out in EXPOsOMICS

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Canali, S.: Big Data, epistemology and causality: Knowledge in and knowledge out in EXPOsOMICS. In: Big Data & Society 3 (2016), Nr. 2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/2053951716669530

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Sum total of downloads: 100




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Abstract: 
Recently, it has been argued that the use of Big Data transforms the sciences, making data-driven research possible and studying causality redundant. In this paper, I focus on the claim on causal knowledge by examining the Big Data project EXPOsOMICS, whose research is funded by the European Commission and considered capable of improving our understanding of the relation between exposure and disease. While EXPOsOMICS may seem the perfect exemplification of the data-driven view, I show how causal knowledge is necessary for the project, both as a source for handling complexity and as an output for meeting the project's goals. Consequently, I argue that data-driven claims about causality are fundamentally flawed and causal knowledge should be considered a necessary aspect of Big Data science. In addition, I present the consequences of this result on other data-driven claims, concerning the role of theoretical considerations. I argue that the importance of causal knowledge and other kinds of theoretical engagement in EXPOsOMICS undermine theory-free accounts and suggest alternative ways of framing science based on Big Data.
License of this version: CC BY 3.0 Unported
Document Type: Article
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 2016
Appears in Collections:Philosophische Fakultät

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downloads by country:

pos. country downloads
total perc.
1 image of flag of Germany Germany 67 67.00%
2 image of flag of United States United States 12 12.00%
3 image of flag of Austria Austria 5 5.00%
4 image of flag of France France 3 3.00%
5 image of flag of China China 3 3.00%
6 image of flag of Russian Federation Russian Federation 2 2.00%
7 image of flag of Vietnam Vietnam 1 1.00%
8 image of flag of Taiwan Taiwan 1 1.00%
9 image of flag of Singapore Singapore 1 1.00%
10 image of flag of Greece Greece 1 1.00%
    other countries 4 4.00%

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