The effects of majority requirements, selectorate composition and uncertainty in indirect presidential elections: the case of Estonia

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Köker, P.: The effects of majority requirements, selectorate composition and uncertainty in indirect presidential elections: the case of Estonia. In: East European Politics (2019), accepted. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21599165.2019.1604339

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Abstract: 
This article assesses the effects of common features in the indirect election of presidents in parliamentary republics. In particular, it examines the influence of majority requirements, selectorate composition and uncertainty on party strategies, using Estonia (1996-2016) as a crucial case for analysis. The analysis demonstrates that the lack of a plurality run-off effectively eliminated incentives for inter-party cooperation and strategic voting. It furthermore shows that shifts in the partisan composition and control of the selectorate from parliament to electoral college provided considerable opportunities for agenda manipulation. Subsequently, results only rarely reflected the parliamentary balance of power. Last, although overall indicators suggest greater congruence between parliament and electoral college over time, this proliferated rather than reduced parties’ uncertainty over the electoral outcome as non-parliamentary electors voted based on local interests and acted independently from national party leaders.
License of this version: Es gilt deutsches Urheberrecht. Das Dokument darf zum eigenen Gebrauch kostenfrei genutzt, aber nicht im Internet bereitgestellt oder an Außenstehende weitergegeben werden.
Document Type: article
Publishing status: acceptedVersion
Issue Date: 2019-04-11
Appears in Collections:Philosophische Fakultät

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