Using surrogate organisms in hydraulic research: guidance on their design and implementation

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Paul, M.; Penning, E.; Dijkstra, J.; Johnson, M.F.: Using surrogate organisms in hydraulic research: guidance on their design and implementation. Zenodo (2014). DOI:

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Sum total of downloads: 117

When investigating or quantifying the interaction of organisms with the hydrodynamic environment, it is often necessary or desired to use surrogates instead of the prototype organisms. In order not to derogate the results, it is important to design surrogates to represent the essential properties of the prototype organism correctly. To do so, several aspects of organism behaviour and morphology have to be considered, which are rarely mentioned in studies that present work carried out with surrogates. This paper presents a guideline to the choice and design of surrogates and aims to offer support during the design phase of flume studies, particularly to researchers that (i) are not (yet) familiar with living organisms and their behaviour, or (ii) have little experience with the strengths and limitations of hydraulic facilities, in order to enhance the quality of collected data and provide meaningful results.
License of this version: CC BY 4.0 Unported
Document Type: Article
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 2014
Appears in Collections:Forschungszentren

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pos. country downloads
total perc.
1 image of flag of Germany Germany 88 75.21%
2 image of flag of United States United States 11 9.40%
3 image of flag of China China 3 2.56%
4 image of flag of No geo information available No geo information available 2 1.71%
5 image of flag of Sweden Sweden 2 1.71%
6 image of flag of Cyprus Cyprus 2 1.71%
7 image of flag of Canada Canada 2 1.71%
8 image of flag of France France 1 0.85%
9 image of flag of Czech Republic Czech Republic 1 0.85%
10 image of flag of Switzerland Switzerland 1 0.85%
    other countries 4 3.42%

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