Desalinization of a salt-affected soil in plots of various sizes under two modes of water application

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Dahiya, I.S.; Grewal, K.S.: Desalinization of a salt-affected soil in plots of various sizes under two modes of water application. In: Journal of Agricultural Science 104 (1985), Nr. 1, S. 19-26. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859600042945

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Abstract: 
Leaching in a salt-affected, permeable, sandy loam soil was evaluated under continuous and intermittent ponding conditions in 2x2m (S1), 4x4m (S2) and 6x6m (S3) plots. The soil contained large amounts of soluble salts throughout the profile to the water table, chiefly chlorides and sulphates of sodium, calcium and magnesium. The leaching curves did not differ significantly between S1S2and S3plots under continuous ponding but did under intermittent ponding. The leaching efficiency decreased sharply with increased plot size. The leaching efficiency in S1plots was significantly greater with intermittent than with continuous ponding, but the reverse was true in S3 plots. The displacement of the resident soil solution in S2plots under intermittent ponding was nearly piston-like. With increased plot size, it tended to deviate from this behaviour. The leaching curves from S3 plots (this size being reasonable in farmers’ fields) were compared with those obtained from numerical solution of a simplified steady-state salt transport model. The model also included a source term, solubility rate constant, for the slightly soluble salts present in the experimental soil. The pore water velocity was estimated from field capacity and time-averaged infiltration rate. The effective dispersion coefficient and solubility rate constant were estimated by a least-squares minimization technique. A reasonably good agreement was obtained between simulated and experimental leaching curves. For practical purposes, this simple model may be adequate to predict leaching in salt-affected soils similar to the one under consideration. © 1985, Cambridge University Press. All rights reserved.
License of this version: Es gilt deutsches Urheberrecht. Das Dokument darf zum eigenen Gebrauch kostenfrei genutzt, aber nicht im Internet bereitgestellt oder an Außenstehende weitergegeben werden. Dieser Beitrag ist aufgrund einer (DFG-geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.
Document Type: article
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 1985
Appears in Collections:Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät

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1 image of flag of Germany Germany 36 56.25%
2 image of flag of United States United States 10 15.62%
3 image of flag of India India 4 6.25%
4 image of flag of China China 4 6.25%
5 image of flag of Afghanistan Afghanistan 2 3.12%
6 image of flag of Korea, Republic of Korea, Republic of 1 1.56%
7 image of flag of Japan Japan 1 1.56%
8 image of flag of Indonesia Indonesia 1 1.56%
9 image of flag of Algeria Algeria 1 1.56%
10 image of flag of Czech Republic Czech Republic 1 1.56%
    other countries 3 4.69%

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