Modelling and designing cryogenic hydrogen tanks for future aircraft applications

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Winnefeld, C.; Kadyk, T.; Bensmann, B.; Krewer, U.; Hanke-Rauschenbach, R.: Modelling and designing cryogenic hydrogen tanks for future aircraft applications. In: Energies 11 (2018), Nr. 1, 105. DOI:

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Sum total of downloads: 131

In the near future, the challenges to reduce the economic and social dependency on fossil fuels must be faced increasingly. A sustainable and efficient energy supply based on renewable energies enables large-scale applications of electro-fuels for, e.g., the transport sector. The high gravimetric energy density makes liquefied hydrogen a reasonable candidate for energy storage in a light-weight application, such as aviation. Current aircraft structures are designed to accommodate jet fuel and gas turbines allowing a limited retrofitting only. New designs, such as the blended-wing-body, enable a more flexible integration of new storage technologies and energy converters, e.g., cryogenic hydrogen tanks and fuel cells. Against this background, a tank-design model is formulated, which considers geometrical, mechanical and thermal aspects, as well as specific mission profiles while considering a power supply by a fuel cell. This design approach enables the determination of required tank mass and storage density, respectively. A new evaluation value is defined including the vented hydrogen mass throughout the flight enabling more transparent insights on mass shares. Subsequently, a systematic approach in tank partitioning leads to associated compromises regarding the tank weight. The analysis shows that cryogenic hydrogen tanks are highly competitive with kerosene tanks in terms of overall mass, which is further improved by the use of a fuel cell. © 2018 by the authors.
License of this version: CC BY 4.0
Document Type: article
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 2018
Appears in Collections:Fakultät für Elektrotechnik und Informatik

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pos. country downloads
total perc.
1 image of flag of Germany Germany 97 74.05%
2 image of flag of France France 8 6.11%
3 image of flag of China China 4 3.05%
4 image of flag of Netherlands Netherlands 3 2.29%
5 image of flag of Austria Austria 3 2.29%
6 image of flag of United States United States 2 1.53%
7 image of flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom 2 1.53%
8 image of flag of Canada Canada 2 1.53%
9 image of flag of Europe Europe 1 0.76%
10 image of flag of Australia Australia 1 0.76%
    other countries 8 6.11%

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