Overall glycemic index and glycemic load of vegan diets in relation to plasma lipoproteins and triacylglycerols

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Waldmann, A.; Ströhle, A.; Koschizke, J.W.; Leitzmann, C.; Hahn, A.: Overall glycemic index and glycemic load of vegan diets in relation to plasma lipoproteins and triacylglycerols. In: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 51 (2007), Nr. 4, S. 335-344. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1159/000107676

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Sum total of downloads: 54




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Abstract: 
Background: To investigate the overall glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL), and intake of dietary fiber, and to examine the associations between these factors and plasma lipoproteins and triacylglycerols in adult vegans in the German Vegan Study (GVS). Methods: Cross-sectional study, Germany. Healthy men (n = 67) and women (n = 87), who fulfilled the study criteria (vegan diet for ≧1 year prior to study start; minimum age of 18 years; no pregnancy/childbirth during the last 12 months) and who participated in all study segments. Results: The average dietary GL of the GVS population was 144, and the average GI was 51.4. The adjusted geometric mean total, HDL, and LDL cholesterol concentrations decreased across the increasing quartiles of GL, carbohydrate and dietary fiber intake. The associations between total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and GL density and GI were inconsistent. Also, associations between GI, GL, the intake of carbohydrates, and triacylglycerol concentration were not observed. Conclusions: Fiber-rich vegan diets are characterized by a low GI and a low to moderate GL. The data do not support the hypothesis that a carbohydrate-rich diet per se is associated with unfavorable effects on triaclyglycerols that would be predicted to increase the risk of coronary heart disease.
License of this version: Es gilt deutsches Urheberrecht. Das Dokument darf zum eigenen Gebrauch kostenfrei genutzt, aber nicht im Internet bereitgestellt oder an Außenstehende weitergegeben werden. Dieser Beitrag ist aufgrund einer (DFG-geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.
Document Type: article
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 2007
Appears in Collections:Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät

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pos. country downloads
total perc.
1 image of flag of Germany Germany 31 57.41%
2 image of flag of Netherlands Netherlands 4 7.41%
3 image of flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom 3 5.56%
4 image of flag of France France 3 5.56%
5 image of flag of Spain Spain 3 5.56%
6 image of flag of Mexico Mexico 2 3.70%
7 image of flag of Canada Canada 2 3.70%
8 image of flag of Russian Federation Russian Federation 1 1.85%
9 image of flag of Denmark Denmark 1 1.85%
10 image of flag of Switzerland Switzerland 1 1.85%
    other countries 3 5.56%

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