German vegan study: Diet, life-style factors, and cardiovascular risk profile

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Waldmann, A.; Koschizke, J.W.; Leitzmann, C.; Hahn, A.: German vegan study: Diet, life-style factors, and cardiovascular risk profile. In: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 49 (2005), Nr. 6, S. 366-372. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1159/000088888

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Sum total of downloads: 238




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Abstract: 
Background/Aim: Evaluation of cardiovascular risk profile in 154 German vegans. Methods: Cross-sectional study, Germany. Study instruments: 2 FFQ, 2 questionnaires, analyses of fasting venous blood samples. Results: The total study population had a low BMI (mean: 22.3 kg/m2), a moderate blood pressure (mean: 120/75 mm Hg), an extremely low consumption of alcohol (mean: 0.77 g/day) and 96.8% were nonsmokers. Moderate physical activity (PAL) was reported by nearly 50%, whereas 22.7% declared to have a high PAL (>3 h/week). Median triacylglycerol (TG) was 0.81 mmol/l, total cholesterol (TC) was 4.33 mmol/l, HDL was 1.34 mmol/l. The mean TC/HDL-ratio was 3.3. Lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) was 8.13 mg/dl, concentrations of >30 mg/dl were prevalent in 25% of the participants. In general, status of folate and pyridoxine were sufficient, while 49.7% showed cobalamin concentrations <150 pmol/l. Plasma homocysteine levels were slightly elevated (median: 12.5 µmol/l). Cobalamin concentration and duration of vegan nutrition were the main determinants of homocysteine in the total study population. Conclusion: Although TC and LDL concentrations were favorable, low HDL and elevated homocysteine and Lp(a) concentrations were unfavorable. Overall, these results confirm the notion that a vegan diet is deficient in vitamin B12, which may have an unfavorable effect on CHD risk.
License of this version: Es gilt deutsches Urheberrecht. Das Dokument darf zum eigenen Gebrauch kostenfrei genutzt, aber nicht im Internet bereitgestellt oder an Außenstehende weitergegeben werden. Dieser Beitrag ist aufgrund einer (DFG-geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.
Document Type: article
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 2005
Appears in Collections:Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät

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downloads by country:

pos. country downloads
total perc.
1 image of flag of Germany Germany 98 41.18%
2 image of flag of United States United States 44 18.49%
3 image of flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom 13 5.46%
4 image of flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh 9 3.78%
5 image of flag of Austria Austria 8 3.36%
6 image of flag of Australia Australia 7 2.94%
7 image of flag of Netherlands Netherlands 6 2.52%
8 image of flag of France France 5 2.10%
9 image of flag of Spain Spain 5 2.10%
10 image of flag of Canada Canada 5 2.10%
    other countries 38 15.97%

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