Learning from the Past? Why 'Creative Industries' can hardly be Created by Local/Regional Government Policies

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Sternberg, Rolf: Learning from the Past? Why 'Creative Industries' can hardly be Created by Local/Regional Government Policies. In: Erde 143 (2012), Nr. 4, S. 293-315. DOI:

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To cite the version in the repository, please use this identifier: https://doi.org/10.15488/2002

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Sum total of downloads: 380

US regional economist Richard Florida has developed simple, but very popular ideas to foster regional economic growth: attracting and haltening of members of the so-called 'creative class' by steering the focus of local government development policies for culture, tolerance (towards ethnic and other kinds of minorities) and knowledge. Members of the creative class, characterised by indicators of talent, technology and tolerance, should feel at home in the cities - the result of which would be that creatives either stay in the city where they already lived before or move to those cities which possess the named characteristics. The larger the number of creative people in a city, the better the economic performance of the city. Why that? Because, as Florida postulates, creative people produce economic value added for the region where they live as they more often (than non-creative people) start successful firms and more often engage in high-growth sectors of the economy. Furthermore they are assumed - as an aggregate - to be able to attract existent firms: 'jobs follow (creative) people' instead of 'people follow jobs' to cite an old, but - thanks to Florida - still modern debate among economists. As Florida in his own empirical studies focuses on U. S. metropolitan areas only, there is a need to close the significant research gap in terms of empirical evidence outside the U. S., given the great popularity of his ideas among policy-makers outside the U. S. In the paper five of Florida's main hypotheses are discussed in an explorative approach based upon the available literature. None of these hypotheses receive sufficient support. Consequently, it will hardly be possible to create creative industries by developing related government policies. Comparing government policies in favour of creative industries with government policies of former eras (when, e. g., clusters or high-tech regions belonged to the targets of such policies) there is not much empirical evidence that policy-makers are able or even willing to learn from previous experiences - and failures.
License of this version: CC BY-SA 4.0 Unported
Document Type: Article
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 2012
Appears in Collections:Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät

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pos. country downloads
total perc.
1 image of flag of Germany Germany 176 46.32%
2 image of flag of United States United States 37 9.74%
3 image of flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom 33 8.68%
4 image of flag of China China 17 4.47%
5 image of flag of No geo information available No geo information available 8 2.11%
6 image of flag of Czech Republic Czech Republic 8 2.11%
7 image of flag of Ukraine Ukraine 7 1.84%
8 image of flag of Russian Federation Russian Federation 7 1.84%
9 image of flag of Netherlands Netherlands 6 1.58%
10 image of flag of Indonesia Indonesia 5 1.32%
    other countries 76 20.00%

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