LEGU-MED: Developing Biodiversity-Based Agriculture with Legume Cropping Systems in the Mediterranean Basin

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Martinelli, F.; Vollheyde, A.-L.; Cebrián-Piqueras, M.A.; von Haaren, C.; Lorenzetti, E. et al.: LEGU-MED: Developing Biodiversity-Based Agriculture with Legume Cropping Systems in the Mediterranean Basin. In: Agronomy 12 (2022), Nr. 1, 132. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12010132

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Sum total of downloads: 67




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Abstract: 
Environmental degradation and the decrease of ecosystem service provision are currently of major concern, with current agricultural systems being a major driver. To meet our future environmental and sustainability targets a transformation of the agro-food systems and current agricultural value chain are crucial. One approach to redesign farming systems is the concept of biodiversity-based agriculture (BBA) which relies on sustainable diversification of biological components and their natural interactions in farming systems to maximize fertility, productivity, and resilience to external perturbations. Despite minimizing anthropogenic inputs, BBA is not yet able to meet all beneficial environmental objectives. BBA applied in the Mediterranean basin requires urgent innovation in approaches, methodologies, and models for small-holder traditional farming systems to ensure a stable provision of ecosystem services and better resilience to environmental stresses linked to climate change. Legumes are the backbone of the Mediterranean agro-ecosystems from ancient times, but their unique and wide biodiversity was not sufficiently valorized, especially by North-African countries. Here, we present LEGU-MED, a three-year international project funded by PRIMA initiative 2019. An international consortium was established involving five universities, 5 research institutes, and one private company from 8 countries: Italy, Germany, Spain, Algeria, Tunisia, Turkey, Lebanon, and Croatia. The main objective of this project is to put forward an international and well-integrated plan to valorize the legume agrobiodiversity of the Mediterranean in biodiversity-based farming systems and consequently enhance agro-ecosystem functions and services in the Mediterranean basin. The successful completion of LEGU-MED will have the following impacts on Mediterranean legume-based farming systems: (1) improve water use efficiency, (2) reduce the use of anthropogenic inputs through the maintenance of soil fertility, (3) enhance pollination and improve ecological connectivity with flora and fauna, (4) protect close-by wildland ecosystems, (5) enhance other ecosystem services (e.g., pest, disease, and weed suppression), and (6) provide healthier and safer protein-rich food. © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
License of this version: CC BY 4.0 Unported
Document Type: Article
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 2022
Appears in Collections:Fakultät für Architektur und Landschaft

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downloads by country:

pos. country downloads
total perc.
1 image of flag of United States United States 28 41.79%
2 image of flag of Germany Germany 10 14.93%
3 image of flag of No geo information available No geo information available 4 5.97%
4 image of flag of Algeria Algeria 4 5.97%
5 image of flag of Russian Federation Russian Federation 3 4.48%
6 image of flag of Benin Benin 3 4.48%
7 image of flag of Iran, Islamic Republic of Iran, Islamic Republic of 2 2.99%
8 image of flag of India India 2 2.99%
9 image of flag of Greece Greece 2 2.99%
10 image of flag of France France 2 2.99%
    other countries 7 10.45%

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