Monocular and binocular vision in the performance of a complex skill

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Heinen, T.; Vinken, Pia M.: Monocular and binocular vision in the performance of a complex skill. In: Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 10 (2011), Nr. 3, S. 520-527

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Sum total of downloads: 97

The goal of this study was to investigate the role of binocular and monocular vision in 16 gymnasts as they perform a handspring on vault. In particular we reasoned, if binocular visual information is eliminated while experts and apprentices perform a handspring on vault, and their performance level changes or is maintained, then such information must or must not be necessary for their best performance. If the elimination of binocular vision leads to differences in gaze behavior in either experts or apprentices, this would answer the question of an adaptive gaze behavior, and thus if this is a function of expertise level or not. Gaze behavior was measured using a portable and wireless eye-tracking system in combination with a movement-analysis system. Results revealed that gaze behavior differed between experts and apprentices in the binocular and monocular conditions. In particular, apprentices showed less fixations of longer duration in the monocular condition as compared to experts and the binocular condition. Apprentices showed longer blink duration than experts in both, the monocular and binocular conditions. Eliminating binocular vision led to a shorter repulsion phase and a longer second flight phase in apprentices. Experts exhibited no differences in phase durations between binocular and monocular conditions. Findings suggest, that experts may not rely on binocular vision when performing handsprings, and movement performance maybe influenced in apprentices when eliminating binocular vision. We conclude that knowledge about gaze-movement relationships may be beneficial for coaches when teaching the handspring on vault in gymnastics.
License of this version: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Unported
Document Type: article
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 2011
Appears in Collections:Philosophische Fakultät

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pos. country downloads
total perc.
1 image of flag of Germany Germany 87 89.69%
2 image of flag of Australia Australia 3 3.09%
3 image of flag of United States United States 1 1.03%
4 image of flag of Russian Federation Russian Federation 1 1.03%
5 image of flag of Netherlands Netherlands 1 1.03%
6 image of flag of India India 1 1.03%
7 image of flag of Hungary Hungary 1 1.03%
8 image of flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom 1 1.03%
9 image of flag of China China 1 1.03%

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