Local droplet etching on InAlAs/InP surfaces with InAl droplets

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Cao, X.; Zhang, Y.; Ma, C.; Wang, Y.; Brechtken, B. et al.: Local droplet etching on InAlAs/InP surfaces with InAl droplets. In: AIP Advances 12 (2022), Nr. 5, 055302. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0088012

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GaAs quantum dots (QDs) grown by local droplet etching (LDE) have been studied extensively in recent years. The LDE method allows for high crystallinity, as well as precise control of the density, morphology, and size of QDs. These properties make GaAs QDs an ideal candidate as single photon and entangled photon sources at short wavelengths (<800 nm). For technologically important telecom wavelengths, however, it is still unclear whether LDE grown QDs can be realized. Controlling the growth conditions does not enable shifting the wavelength of GaAs QDs to the telecom region. New recipes will have to be established. In this work, we study Indium–Aluminum (InAl) droplet etching on ultra-smooth In0.55Al0.45As surfaces on InP substrates, with a goal to lay the foundation for growing symmetrical and strain-free telecom QDs using the LDE method. We report that both droplets start to etch nanoholes at a substrate temperature above 415 °C, showing varying nanohole morphology and rapidly changing density (by more than one order of magnitude) at different temperatures. Al and In droplets are found to not intermix during etching, and instead etch nanoholes individually. The obtained nanoholes show a symmetric profile and very low densities, enabling infilling of lattice-matched InGaAs QDs on InxAl1−xAs/InP surfaces in further works.
License of this version: CC BY 4.0 Unported
Document Type: Article
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 2022
Appears in Collections:Fakultät für Mathematik und Physik

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2 image of flag of United States United States 15 28.85%
3 image of flag of China China 4 7.69%
4 image of flag of Austria Austria 2 3.85%
5 image of flag of India India 1 1.92%
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10 image of flag of Denmark Denmark 1 1.92%
    other countries 4 7.69%

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