The effects of multiple modes and reduced symmetry on the rapidity and robustness of slow contraction

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Ijjas, A.; Pretorius, F.; Steinhardt, P.J.; Sullivan, A.P.: The effects of multiple modes and reduced symmetry on the rapidity and robustness of slow contraction. In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics 820 (2021), 136490. DOI:

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We demonstrate that the rapidity and robustness of slow contraction in homogenizing and flattening the universe found in simulations in which the initial conditions were restricted to non-perturbative variations described by a single Fourier mode along only a single spatial direction are in general enhanced if the initial variations are along two spatial directions, include multiple modes, and thereby have reduced symmetry. Particularly significant are shear effects that only become possible when variations are allowed along two or more spatial dimensions. Based on the numerical results, we conjecture that the counterintuitive enhancement occurs because more degrees of freedom are activated which drive spacetime away from an unstable Kasner fixed point and towards the stable Friedmann-Robertson-Walker fixed point. © 2021 The Authors
License of this version: CC BY 4.0 Unported
Document Type: Article
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 2021
Appears in Collections:Fakultät für Mathematik und Physik

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4 image of flag of Taiwan Taiwan 1 4.35%

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