Numerical investigation on rigid and flexible pipelines embedded in granular and self-compacting materials

Download statistics - Document (COUNTER):

Abdel-Rahman, K.; Gerlach, T.; Achmus, M.: Numerical investigation on rigid and flexible pipelines embedded in granular and self-compacting materials. In: Innovative Infrastructure Solutions 5 (2020), Nr. 3, 69. DOI:

Repository version

To cite the version in the repository, please use this identifier:

Selected time period:


Sum total of downloads: 5

Self-compacting filling material or controlled low-strength material (CLSM) is a cementitious material which is liquid during filling, and it is used primarily as backfill, e.g., in trenches. Several products are currently used as CLSM such as flowable fill, controlled density fill, flowable mortar and low-strength plastic soil–cement. The low-strength requirement is necessary to allow for future excavation of CLSM. A two-dimensional numerical model was developed using the finite element system ABAQUS. In this model, the material behavior of granular soil and CLSM is described using an elasto-plastic constitutive model with Mohr–Coulomb failure criterion. Rigid and flexible pipes were modeled once embedded in sandy soil and once embedded in self-compacting material. The numerical model allows the modeling of the effect of hardening process on the overall behavior of the pipe–soil system. The main objective of this study is to investigate the behavior of rigid and flexible pipelines embedded in CLSM as a filling material numerically and to show advantages and disadvantages in comparison with the presently widely used filling materials like sand. © 2020, The Author(s).
License of this version: CC BY 4.0 Unported
Document Type: article
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 2020
Appears in Collections:Fakultät für Bauingenieurwesen und Geodäsie

distribution of downloads over the selected time period:

downloads by country:

pos. country downloads
total perc.
1 image of flag of Egypt Egypt 2 40.00%
2 image of flag of Germany Germany 2 40.00%
3 image of flag of India India 1 20.00%

Further download figures and rankings:


Zur Erhebung der Downloadstatistiken kommen entsprechend dem „COUNTER Code of Practice for e-Resources“ international anerkannte Regeln und Normen zur Anwendung. COUNTER ist eine internationale Non-Profit-Organisation, in der Bibliotheksverbände, Datenbankanbieter und Verlage gemeinsam an Standards zur Erhebung, Speicherung und Verarbeitung von Nutzungsdaten elektronischer Ressourcen arbeiten, welche so Objektivität und Vergleichbarkeit gewährleisten sollen. Es werden hierbei ausschließlich Zugriffe auf die entsprechenden Volltexte ausgewertet, keine Aufrufe der Website an sich.

Search the repository