Epistemological and ethical aspects of time in scientific research

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Jadreškić, Daria: Epistemological and ethical aspects of time in scientific research. Hannover : Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität, Diss., 2020, ix, 202 S. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15488/10248

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Sum total of downloads: 468




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Abstract: 
This dissertation explores the influence of time constraints on different research practices. The first two parts present case studies, which serve as a basis for discussing the epistemological and ethical implications of temporal limitations in scientific research. Part I is a case study on gravitational wave research, conducted by the LIGO Scientific Collaboration. This exemplifies fundamental research – without immediate societal applications, open-ended in terms of timeline and in terms of research goals. It is based, in part, on qualitative interviews conducted with gravitational wave physicists. I show that considerations about time and speed play a role in every stage of research: goal setting, method design, and the evaluation and communication of results. Part II provides a case study on translational medicine, an approach explicitly dedicated to accelerating research in order to develop and implement new therapies. This epitomizes applied research with high social stakes, motivated by non-epistemic goals. Here, epistemic trade-offs between speed and reliability intersect with ethical trade-offs between different types of harms. In Part III, the insights from both of these case studies are used as the basis for a more general discussion concerning the pragmatic aspects of epistemic practices, especially in relation to current debates centered on the role of values in science. A particular focus is on the value of speed and the ability to generate reliable results, either via choice of methods, or via decisions about which goals to set, as well as decisions about when to stop further testing. The primary thesis of the dissertation is that pragmatic considerations stemming from limitations of resources are a necessary feature of the pursuit of epistemic aims, and that the epistemic is thus inherently pragmatic.
License of this version: CC BY 3.0 DE
Document Type: doctoralThesis
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 2020
Appears in Collections:Philosophische Fakultät
Dissertationen

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pos. country downloads
total perc.
1 image of flag of Germany Germany 132 28.21%
2 image of flag of Austria Austria 96 20.51%
3 image of flag of United States United States 48 10.26%
4 image of flag of Croatia Croatia 41 8.76%
5 image of flag of Russian Federation Russian Federation 33 7.05%
6 image of flag of Ireland Ireland 24 5.13%
7 image of flag of Sweden Sweden 14 2.99%
8 image of flag of No geo information available No geo information available 9 1.92%
9 image of flag of Morocco Morocco 7 1.50%
10 image of flag of Switzerland Switzerland 6 1.28%
    other countries 58 12.39%

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