Did the Bologna Process Challenge the German Apprenticeship System? Evidence from a Natural Experiment

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Thomsen, S.L.; Trunzer, J.: Did the Bologna Process Challenge the German Apprenticeship System? Evidence from a Natural Experiment. Hannover : Institutionelles Repositorium der Leibniz Universität Hannover, 2020 (LCSS Working Papers ; 5), 34 S. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15488/10148

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Sum total of downloads: 270




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Starting in 1999, the Bologna Process reformed the German five-year study system for a first degree into the three-year bachelor’s (BA) system to harmonize study lengths in Europe and improve competitiveness. This reform unintentionally challenged the German apprenticeship system that offers three-year professional training for the majority of school leavers. Approximately 29% of new apprentices are university-eligible graduates from academic-track schools. We evaluate the effects of the Bologna reform on new highly educated apprentices using a generalized difference-in-differences design based on detailed administrative student and labor market data. Our estimates show that the average regional expansion in first-year BA students decreased the number of new highly educated apprentices by 3%–5%; average treatment effects on those indecisive at school graduation range between –18% and –29%. We reveal substantial gender and occupational heterogeneity: males in STEM apprenticeships experienced the strongest negative effects. The reform aggravated the skills shortage in the economy.
License of this version: CC BY 3.0 DE
Document Type: Report
Publishing status: publishedVersion
Issue Date: 2020
Appears in Collections:LCSS Working Papers : Schriftenreihe Leibniz Center for Science and Society

distribution of downloads over the selected time period:

downloads by country:

pos. country downloads
total perc.
1 image of flag of Germany Germany 170 62.96%
2 image of flag of United States United States 34 12.59%
3 image of flag of No geo information available No geo information available 18 6.67%
4 image of flag of China China 6 2.22%
5 image of flag of Russian Federation Russian Federation 5 1.85%
6 image of flag of Czech Republic Czech Republic 4 1.48%
7 image of flag of Sweden Sweden 3 1.11%
8 image of flag of France France 3 1.11%
9 image of flag of Italy Italy 2 0.74%
10 image of flag of Brazil Brazil 2 0.74%
    other countries 23 8.52%

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